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Recommendation of Dr. R.K.Raghavan committee, Former Director of CBI

Ragging as Defined by Honorable Supreme Court

The Honorable Supreme Court of India admitted in relation to the menace of ragging in Technical Institutions/ Universities/Colleges in the Country.


In this connection, a committee headed by Dr. R.K.Raghavan, Former Director of CBI, for giving specific recommendations on effective prevention of ragging in educational institutions was constituted by the apex court. Accordingly, the Committee had carried out a very detailed study on the various factors contributing for ragging and collected the public opinion. Further, the committee had submitted a detailed report with suitable recommendations and measures required to effectively curb the menace. The recommendations of the committee were duly accepted and the following directives have been issued to all the educational institutes for necessary implementation by the Honourable Court.

Factors listed by the committee

  • Primary responsibility for curbing ragging rests with academic institutions themselves.
  • Ragging adversely impacts the standards of higher education.
  • Incentives should be available to institutions for curbing the menace and there should be disincentives for failure to do so.
  • Enrolment in academic pursuits or a campus life should not immunize any adult citizen from penal provisions of the laws of the land.
  • Ragging needs to be perceived as failure to inculcate human values from the schooling stage.
  • Behavioral patterns among students, particularly potential “raggers”, need to be identified.
  • Measures against ragging must deter its recurrence.
  • Concerted action is required at the level of the school, higher educational institution,
  • district administration, university, State and central Governments to make any curb effective.
  • Media and the civil society should be involved in this exercise.

    Recommendations approved by the Supreme Court

  • The punishment to be meted out has to be exemplary and justifiably harsh to act as a deterrent against recurrence of such incidents.
  • Every single incident of ragging where the victim or his parent/guardian or the Head of Institution is not satisfied with the institutional arrangement for action, a First Information Report must be filed without exception by the institutional authorities with the local police authorities. Any failure on the part of the institutional authority or negligence or deliberate delay in lodging the FIR with the local police shall be construed to be an act of culpable negligence on the part of the institutional authority. If any victim or his parent/guardian of ragging intends to file FIR directly with the police, that will not absolve the institutional authority from the requirement of filing the FIR.
  • In the prospectus to be issued for admission by educational institutions, it shall be clearly stipulated that in case the applicant for admission is found to have indulged in ragging in the past or if it is noticed later that he/she has indulged in ragging, admission may be refused or he/she shall be expelled from the educational institutions.
  • It shall be the collective responsibility of the authorities and functionaries of the concerned institutions and their role shall also be open to scrutiny for the purpose of finding out whether they have taken effective steps for preventing ragging and in case of their failure, action can be taken; for example, denial of any grant-in-aid or assistance from the State Governments.
  • Anti-ragging committees and squad shall be forthwith formed by the institutions and it shall be the job of the committee or the squad, as the case may be, to see that the Committee’s recommendations, more particularly those noted above, are observed without exception and if it is noticed that there is may deviation, the same shall be forthwith brought to noticed of this court.
  • The Committee constituted pursuant to the order of this Court shall continue to monitor the functioning of the anti- ragging committees and the squads to be formed. They shall also monitor the implementation of the recommendations to which reference has been made above.

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